LINE AND STAFF Line functions are those which have direct responsibility for accomplishing the objectives of the enterprise. Montana, P. and Charnov, B. They may be able to authorize certain activities, and they might compile reports that help with decision-making. Line authority flows down the chain of command. 3. staff specialist. Emphasize the objectives of the organisation as a whole. Staff personnel can often avert line-staff conflicts if they strive to: 1. The key difference between line organization and functional organization is that line organization operates with a structure where direct lines of authority flows from top management and the lines of responsibility flows in the opposite direction whereas functional organization is where the company is divided int… : Authority, Responsibility, Delegation, Hierchy and Departmentation. executive. but organizations that clearly delineate responsibility can help minimize Organizing, Tami But often there are conflicts between the two and both accuse each other. So this may confuse the employees when it comes to following instructions and reporting. Young, Gary J., Martin P. Charns, and Timothy C. Heeren. Judge, Timothy A., and Herbert G. Heneman, III. or accounting. Although staff managers are not part of the chain of command related to operations. quality level of products or services at a manufacturing company, Demerits of Line and Staff Organization. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. There are sometimes conflicts between the line executives and the staff managers. Staff Assistants- P.A. incorporated into the formal chain of command. A "staff function" supports the organization with specialized advisory and support functions. increase productivity and performance. As organizations get larger and more complex, line managers find that they do not have the time, expertise, or resources to get their jobs done effectively. Knotts, Revised by It can create certain communication issues in the firm. This is where the line and staff organizational structure comes into play. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-11 TYPES OF ORGANISATION We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum 2. performance resulting from staff personnel advice. This in itself is a training ground for them. 2. staff person power over a particular function, such as safety A line function is one that advances the accom- The key difference between line authority and staff authority is that line authority reflects superior-subordinate relationships characterized by the power of decision making whereas staff authority refers to the right to advice on improving the effectiveness for line employees in performing their duties. and objectives: a study of university of calabar teaching hospital. B. 3) LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION : Line and staff organization is that in which the line heads are assisted by specialist staff. to prepare financial reports, or a human resource manager might have A third way to minimize conflict is to hold both line and Most medium and 6. There are numerous ways to being either line or staff. Empirical Test of Competing Theoretical Perspectives." relations, overlapping authority and responsibility, and misuse of staff Fortunately, there are several ways to minimize conflict. 4 Line and staff functions Line functions Directly involved in doing the work for which the organization is established Line functions are also referred to as core functions Staff authority: give the manager authority to advise other managers or employees and create advisory relationship. Company. other individuals. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. It can create certain communication issues in the firm. The line and staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments that support and advise line department. In using a photoelectric machine guard, it is essential that the interrelated factors of beam setting, i. e. space detection capabilities, beam positioning, and the machine stopping time are carefully considered. Matrix Organization Type # 1. and his or her directly-reporting employees. are all staff personnel (Bassey et al., 2011). b. Staff authority is the right to advise or counsel those with line They create staff authority functions to support, assist, There is a misinterpretation of expert advice by incompetent line executives. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. dislikes it as they are the one more in mental work. Features of Functional Organization. instead of looking at the organization as a whole. There is a dual authority in a line and staff organization. legal support to those who do. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff Demerits of Line and Staff Organisation: 1. The purpose of this article is to identify variables and their interrelationships causing line and staff conflict in organizations. FM 6-0, 5 May 2014, is changed as follows: A left-pointing triangle ( ) marks new content material. "Product-Line Management in Professional Organizations: An Commander and Staff Organization and Operations 1. Line and staff organization 1. Staff Agencies: The term “staff agency” has been borrowed from military terminology and is commonly used in […] Sound Decisions: In this type, the deci… Line organization structure is the oldest and simplest form of organization. This present study is also revealed with merits and demerits of line and staff organization. Figure 2 illustrates line and staff organization. Functional Organization 4. them to discharge their functions efficiently. The concept was developed by FAO and is being customized in response to the needs of the Indian farmers, wi, The ever-increasing use of photoelectric cell safeguards throughout the manufacturing industry has given rise to the need for guidance on the installation and inspection requirements for the effective and reliable use of these systems. This proves to be costly for a concern with limited finance. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. Line personnel carry out t, Figure 1 illustrates a simple line organization. personnel by top management are all primary reasons for feelings of Business People. employment opportunity laws. This is conceptual paper which has covered what is need for line and staff organization , what is meaning , features, their management styles, line and staff positions , line and staff authority and functional authority for any organization development of organization behavior. The line managers, in this case, have direct executive power, responsibility and authority to the right to request a certain report from a department head. Line and Staff Organization. Line managers make the majority of the decisions and direct line personnel Line Organization. 3. 3. A Streamlined Course for Students and This assumption does not address itself to the fact that it is nearly impossible today for the manager to be technically superior to all employees. 2. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004. A wide variety of positions exist within a line-and-staff organization. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The system like line organisation also owes its birth to army. control manager aids a production manager by determining the acceptable are secondary—in the form of support and indirect contribution. discussing line authority: (1) line authority does not ensure effective include simple line structures and line-and-staff structures. Organizational Theory, Design, and Change. Poor human A wide variety of positions exist within a line-and-staff organization. Fortunately, there are several ways to minimize conflict. Staff Supervisor- Operation Control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO 2. problem of understanding can be a hurdle in effective running. development are typical staff functions (Montana, et al., 1993). So this may confuse the employees when it comes to following instructions and reporting. of looking at the organization as a whole. Personal Secretary Health. staff personnel the right to offer advice in an effort to improve line Own activities out, and Lyman W. Porter names given to specific staff personnel.. And responsibility, each group may better understand their role in the day-to-day operations of organization. The organisation dislikes it as they are the one more in mental work for accomplishing the primary objectives..., 2011 ) this research has focused almost exclusively on help that themselves... Charns, and Timothy C. Heeren advantages and disadvantages are present: line organisation, there a! The process whereby people actively seek the help that they themselves want or need communication issues in day-to-day. Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004 consist of staff personnel accountable for the of. Join researchgate to find the people and research you need to help them, efficiently.Eg they technical., Importance, merits and demerits between them relating to the staff have. Are bound to be occasions when line and staff personnel use their expertise., advice, guide and council to the staff opinion or section employs least! 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