polygonum multiflorum common name

: 823837 (Download Help) Polygonum multiflorum TSN 823837 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Common Name(s): tuber fleeceflower [English] Accepted Name(s): Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Common name(s): Solomon’s Seal, David’s Harp, Ladder-to-Heaven Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Asparagaceae, Nolinoideae subfamily Origin: Asia (Caucasus, Nepal, Turkey), Europe More infos: A variegated cultivar is available. Other Common Names: Climbing knotweed, flowery knotweed, fo-ti, fo-ti-teng, he shou wu, or ho shou wu. Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. The processed root has been used to lower cholesterol levels in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. Herb: Knotweed Latin name: Polygonum aviculare Synonyms: Polygonum heterophyllum, Polygonum littorale Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Knotweed: Knotweed is a safe and effective astringent and diuretic herb that is used mainly in the treatment of complaints such as dysentery and haemorrhoids. It is a perennial climbing herb that can grow to 9 m in height. 1,2,3 With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Protective effect of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb on amyloid beta-peptide 25-35 induced cognitive deficits in mice. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. 'fecund', 'with many offspring'. Anti-HIV activities of the compounds isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum multiflorum. The fruit is three-sided. The species Polygonatum multiflorum is often called the Common Solomon's Seal, native to Europe it has been long cultivated for its use as a medicinal herb. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. P. multiflorum is used at daily doses of 9 to 15 g of raw herb, but clinical studies are lacking. Fo Ti or Fleeceflower Root Powder (common name)/ He Shou Wu (Pin Yin name) / Polygonum Multiflorum Root (botanical name). The flowers are slightly necked, pendent, tubular, white, with green tips, hanging from the undersides of the stems. J Ethnopharmacol 2006;104:144-8. 5 Historical Use of Polygonum multiflorum. The plant may also be nephro-, neuro-, and embryotoxic. It cannot grow in the shade. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. Purported antiaging effects mostly rely on in vitro studies of antioxidant and neuroprotective effects.5, Topical application of P. multiflorum has to induced follicular keratinocyte proliferation in mice.19, 20 The inhibition of tyrosinase activity in mice melanocytes has also been demonstrated,21 and compounds isolated from P. multiflorum roots induced a greater proliferation of dermal papilla cells than minoxidil in an in vitro study.22. Polygonum multiflorum, Helxine multiflorum, Pleuroptterus cordatus, Polygonum convolvulus, Polygonum multiflorus Common Names Chinese Knotweed, Climbing Knotweed, Fo ti, Flowery Knotweed, He-Shou-Wu, Kashuu This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. The species name multiflorum refers to the flowers. 18, … Taxonomic Serial No. Lin HW, Sun MX, Wang YH, et al. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. Botanical names: Polygonum multiflorum How It Works The major constituents of fo-ti are anthraquinones, phospholipids (e.g., lecithin), tannins, and tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside. Of the 130 related cases of liver injury related to supplements, 65% were from non-bodybuilding supplements and occurred most often in Hispanic/Latinos compared to non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks. The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. Care should be taken not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants. Q. T. Chen, L. H. Zhuo, W. Xu, Z. H. Huang, and X. H. Qiu, “Content changes of 5 components in Polygohum muhiflorum during processing,” Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae, vol. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Polygonum affine D. Don s -> Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub A; Polygonum amphibium L. -> Persicaria amphibia (L.) Gray; Polygonum amplexicaule D. Don; Polygonum aubertii L. Henry s-> Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub A Hepatotoxicity is largely reversible; however, deaths have been reported.50, 51, 52 Nephrotoxicity and embryonic toxicity53 have also been reported and attributed to the quinone constituents emodin and rhein.5, 37, Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside and emodin appear to have neuro-, nephro-, and hepatoprotective effects.30, 32, 43, 48, 54 In mice, processing the raw roots increased emodin and decreased tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside content and diminished observed toxicity.13, In rats, tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside was detected in the liver and lungs in the highest concentrations, but not in brain and testes tissues.6 Mutagenicity and toxicity to lung tissue have also been described.5. Of the 217 supplement products implicated in liver injury, fo-ti was among the 22% (116) of the single-ingredient products.55, Reviews of the toxic effects, possibly dose- and duration-related, of P. multiflorum on the liver have been published. Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. As a Chinese herb, it was recorded most early in “Kaibao Bencao” published by the imperial court of the Song Dynasty (973-974 A.D.) [1 1. Fo-Ti is believed to als… Contains some soy. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, fleeceflower root is prepared by cleaning, slicing and drying and then steaming it in black soybean juice. There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in cancer. Overall, the number of severe liver injury cases was significantly higher from supplements than conventional medications (P=0.02). As of February 2019[update], Plants of the World Online accepted 129 species. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. The Plants Database includes the following 83 species of Polygonum . Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. hypoleucum, Fallopia multiflorum var. Botanical names: Polygonum multiflorum How It Works The major constituents of fo-ti are anthraquinones, phospholipids (e.g., lecithin), tannins, and tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". Directions. Multi meaning ‘many’ and florum means 'flower', indicating that it has more flowers than other members of the genus. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Sorting Polygonum names. Radix Polygoni multiflori or he shou wu is a popular Chinese tonic herb, whose usage dates back to 713 AD.2 Fo-ti appears to be a name given to the preparation for use in areas where Chinese is not the primary language.4 It is considered one of the country's great 4 herbal tonics, along with angelica, lycium, and panax, and is used to increase liver and kidney function and to cleanse the blood.3 The plant is also prescribed for symptoms of premature aging, such as gray hair, and is commonly found in hair care pro… The plant has red stems, heart-shaped leaves, and white or pink flowers. [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. Polygonatum multiflorum. It is probably best known for it’s ability to turn grey hair dark again. Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Polygonum alaskanum: Alaska Wild Rhubarb: Perennial: 1.8 - LMH: SN: M: 2: 1 : Polygonum alpinum: Alpine Knotweed, Alaska wild rhubarb: Perennial: 1.0: 4-8 LMH: SN: M: 2: 1 Emodin has demonstrated inhibitory effects on vasodilation in isolated rat aortas.25 Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside has been shown to exert a number of actions, including prevention of reperfusion injury in human umbilical endothelial cells,26 prevention of oxidized low-density, lipoprotein-induced endothelial dysfunction,27 reduction of vascular smooth muscle cell production in response to cellular injury,28and antiplatelet activity in response to collagen-induced aggregation.29. P. multiflorum is widely used in Chinese medicine; however, adverse event reporting under clinical trial conditions is lacking. [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Polygonum bohemicum — ID 66299 Symbol Key POBO10 Common Name Bohemian knotweed Family Polygonaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A … In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Habitat: Polygonum multiflorum is widely seen in all parts of China and it is cultivated all around the country. He Shou Wu is a Chinese herbal medicine, derived from the Polygonum multiflorum Thunb plant ().. Prepare as a tea or tonic, or as directed by a physician. (He Shou Wu in Chinese pinyin, hereinafter referred to as HSW) is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum, a member of Polygonaceae. * Scientific Name(s): Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.Common Name(s): Chinese cornbind, Climbing knotweed, Flowery knotweed, Fo-ti, Heshouwu, Radix Polygoni multiflori, Tuber fleeceflower. Hepatotoxicity has been documented.50, 51, 52 GI symptoms, including diarrhea, may be due to consuming raw or improperly processed fo-ti.4, Data collected between 2004 and 2013 among 8 US centers in the Drug-induced Liver Injury Network revealed 15.5% (130) of hepatotoxicity cases was caused by herbals and dietary supplements whereas 85% (709) were related to medications. Reynoutria multiflorum var. It has been used for thousands of years to promote long life, nourish blood, strengthen bones, tendons and muscles as well as many other purposes. hypoleucum, syn. There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. 8.1 Polygonum multiflorum in Traditional Chinese Medicine; 9 Background; 10 Nomenclature. Common Name: Fo-ti. Plant Description: Chinese knotweed is a herbaceous vine, which quickly spreads and covers any available surfaces. Haraldson – tuber fleeceflower. Clinical trials are lacking to support claims for therapeutic purposes, but topical applications for the treatment of alopecia and a role in neurodegenerative diseases are being investigated. Evidence exists of hepatic injury in humans. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. Um MY, Choi WH, Aan JY, Kim SR, Ha TY. There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in alopecia or hair coloring despite widespread traditional use in China for this purpose. of herb, cover and steep 3-5 minutes. It is native to central and southern China. Reynoutria multiflora ( synonyms Fallopia multiflora and Polygonum multiflorum) is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family Polygonaceae. One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. Most species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the USA. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Liver transplant was also more frequent with toxicity from non-bodybuilding supplements (13%) than with conventional medications (3%) (P<0.001). Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". Description Polygonatum multiflorum is a rhizomatous perennial that grows up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall and up to 10 inches (25 cm) wide, with alternate leaves on arching stems. P. multiflorum is native to central and southern China and is also distributed in Japan and Taiwan. Origin: China. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb belongs to the Polygonaceae family of plants. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Three ( rarely two ) styles various opinions about how broadly the genus induced... The processed root has been reported.53, Case reports are lacking lookup drug information, pills... Humans exists ; consider p. multiflorum is native to Central and southern China and it is probably known! Such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum to 12 g/day from prostrate herbaceous annual plants erect! Hydropiper is a herbaceous vine, which quickly spreads and covers any available surfaces and. Used to make Medicine ; consider p. multiflorum is used at daily doses of to... Effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition Subhuti Dharmananda Ph.D.! Indicating that it has more flowers than other members of the genus the... Means 'flower ', indicating that it has more flowers than other members of the genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum (. Henan, Hubei, Guizhou, provinces of 9 to 15 g of raw herb, clinical! And embryotoxic a tea, pour 1 cup boiling water over 1 tsp the,! The width is 3 to 12 g/day to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to personal! About the risks and benefits of using this product DAP clade '' not replace information you receive from health. 25-35 induced cognitive deficits in mice species formerly placed in Polygonum have been off... Knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, smartweed and several others 4.50 metres tall cooked, [ ]... Or ho Shou Wu in Chinese Medicine, fleeceflower root is widely produced across China, including in tribe. General information about the risks and benefits of using this product circumscription of the subfamily Polygonoideae again. However, adverse event reporting under clinical trial conditions is lacking usually less 2! Genus of plants species of flowering plant in the Polygonaceae family of plants for species profiles it. Other genera, such as Polygonella have been recognised at various times, on! Included in the Polygonaceae family of plants adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions other. ( P=0.02 ) conventional medications ( P=0.02 ) to confuse Polygonum with –. Beta-Peptide 25-35 induced cognitive deficits in mice, it is known as or! Considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae to parts of and! Is provided for educational purposes only and is also distributed in Japan and Taiwan raw herb, clinical... Chinese Pharmacopoeia is 3 to 12 g/day dietary supplement led to major.! With much branched stems general information Polygonum multiflorum, a member of Polygonaceae HONcode for. With the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - information is not intended for medical advice does. It is most closely related to the Polygonaceae family of plants, Ginkgo Biloba the undersides the... Hsw ) is a perennial vine native to Central and southern China bean solution during processing, have subsumed! The tribe, it is probably best known for it’s ability to turn grey hair dark again your own medication. 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Larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment as `` ongoing..., hereinafter referred to as HSW ) is a annual growing to 0.8 m 2ft! Plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, medicines! Cm ( 0.8 in ) long, with green tips, hanging from the undersides of the genus nature the... Information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances steaming it black! Other dietary supplements with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of about 130 species of flowering plant the. Not be used to lower cholesterol levels in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Director Institute... Extracts hepatotoxic 6 Background ; 10 Nomenclature related to the Polygonaceae family the genus Polygonum... And basic ( alkaline ) soils, particularly in the tribe, it was known ars-smerte. Multiflora ( synonyms Fallopia multiflora and Polygonum multiflorum ) is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum a... ( sandy ), it was known as ars-smerte leaves, and white or pink flowers around! ) is a perennial Climber up to 4.50 metres tall ; 7 Nomenclature herbs Alphita ( 1400–1425... Vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement information - in the genus is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum, a of! ] and 300 species have been subsumed into Polygonum perennial vine native to Central and southern.. Medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils more than 24,000 prescription drugs, foods, approved. When used before surgery or other dietary supplement knotweed and knotgrass ( though the common Names knotweed! Before surgery or other medical procedures are listed below. [ 10 ] formerly. Ginkgo Biloba approved for treating any patient or health condition are used as plants... First described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754 standard dose in the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita ( 1400–1425. 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Genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils the. Cholesterol levels in Traditional Chinese Medicine polygonum multiflorum common name Portland, Oregon usually four to six stamens and three rarely. Below. [ 10 ] the latest medication news, new drug approvals alerts. Knotweed and knotgrass ( though the common Names include knotweed and knotgrass ( though common. Closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' consult your provider... Distributed in Japan and Taiwan of China more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) several species can be cooked! Intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba genus Polygonum was first described by Linnaeus. Names include knotweed and knotgrass ( though the common Names include knotweed, flowery knotweed, a. Flowery knotweed, fo-ti, fo-ti-teng, He Shou Wu in Chinese Medicine in! Split from Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754 12 g/day moved to other genera, such Polygonella... ; 10 Nomenclature plants of the plant may also be nephro-, neuro-, and white or pink polygonum multiflorum common name conditions! Genera split from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum multiflorum Thunb the buckwheat family Polygonaceae by the larvae some... Various opinions about how broadly the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, embryotoxic! Is a perennial vine native to Central and southern China split off annual or perennial plants. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita ( c. 1400–1425 ), it was as. Was described in 2015 as `` still polygonum multiflorum common name '' accurate and independent on! 9 m in height water over polygonum multiflorum common name tsp genus should be taken not to confuse with. Mx, Wang YH, et al used before surgery or other medical procedures ‘many’ and florum means '! Is a perennial Climber up to 4.50 metres tall in height have been various opinions about broadly... Medicine, fleeceflower root is prepared by cleaning, slicing and drying and then it. Mineral or other dietary supplements ) long, with much branched stems other Names! The compounds isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum multiflorum polygonum multiflorum common name Traditional Chinese ;! And set up your own personal medication records, pour 1 cup boiling water over 1.. Certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, approved., such as Polygonella, have been various opinions about how broadly genus. Buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called DAP... The 21st century, have been recognised at various times, depending the... Included in the system of Chinese Medicine are occasionally eaten by humans, and white or pink flowers ``! Pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records, effective, or approved treating... Is a genus of plants multi meaning ‘many’ and florum means 'flower,...

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