public support for the vietnam war quizlet

control " Zippo Mission", a zone from which military forces or operations or installations are prohibited, a herbicide used in the Vietnam War to defoliate forest areas, a communist state in Indochina on the South China Sea. Lt. Calley later maintained that he was following orders, but many of the soldiers present did not participate in the massacre. 1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used guerrilla warfare to fight anti-communist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it un-winnable. He played a crucial role in all of the major foreign policy and defense decisions of the Kennedy and part of the Johnson administration. offensive operation to find and destroy enemy forces rather than establish permanent gov. Vietnamese vs. Vietnamese A North Vietnamese soldier laments how the war pitted Vietnamese against each other. A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War. Communist-dominated Nationalist Movement. The Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Southeast Asia Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia that began in 1959 and ended in April 1975. A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counter culture of the 1960's. The Vietnam war was the first ever televised war with no censorship and it highlight the harsh reality of war to the American public at home. Flashcards. 31 terms. Honor Code. As the war in Vietnam progressed, however, and the military situation deteriorated, a few Democrats used the power of congressional investigation to force the administration into a contentious public debate. Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1, , to April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell. As a result, US involvement in Vietnam increased to contain the threat of communism. The Tet Offensive of 1968 was launched by the Vietcongs and attacked major towns in South Vietnamese towns and American bases. Vietnam: The Television War The Vietnam war was the first to be televised. The Gallup News Service began asking the American public whether it was a "mistake to send troops to Vietnam" in August 1965. There were image of innocent children being hit,injured and killed by US sustained bombing "Operation rolling thunder in 1965" and "Operation rolling phoenix in 1968", defoliants such as napalms. along with journalist, this Senator and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, turned against the war and in January 1966 began to stage highly publicized and occasionally televised congressional hearings to air criticisms of it. The political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control. Americans have become negative about the war in Iraq more quickly than they did for the Vietnam War. There were images of children being hit by bombs and deadly defoliants such as Napalm. Others doubted Westmoreland’s ability to command, leading to his replacement in June 1968, by General Creighton Abrams. Fifteen months into Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the country still knew little about the Vietnam War. Presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional. This gave the president authority to take "all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the United States. On January 10, 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson asks Congress for more money to support the Vietnam War.Lyndon’s War, a war Johnson … Oh no! button; elected to two consecutive terms in 1952 and 1956. Oh no! This helped to win the majority in 41 of the lower 48 states. made by Ho Chi Minh. Ruler who was unable to exercise any of his powers without the support of French regime. [10], Media coverage was a significant factor in causing America to withdraw from Vietnam. Younger Americans organized a variety of opposition efforts to protest the war. ... Quizlet Live. The American public put pressured Nixon to pass the policy "Vietnamisation". This opposition would gradually grow into a full-blown counter-culture movement and help build larger opposition to the conflict. a lieutenant who's unit began shooting and killing unarmed civilians at My Lai. There were image of innocent children being hit,injured and killed by US sustained bombing "Operation rolling thunder in 1965" and "Operation rolling phoenix in 1968", defoliants such as napalms. The longer the Vietnam War went on, the less popular it became. Four years after President John F. Kennedy sent the first American troops into Vietnam, Martin Luther King issued his first public statement on the war. In the last half of the year the public preference for how the war should be conducted also began to shift. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers. a mountainous landlocked communist state in southeastern Asia. The Vietcongs used cheap and effective booby traps to ambush the US troops, consequently the US troops lived in constant fear with them and this lowered their moral. The decrease in support for the decision to go to war has occurred despite a dramatically improved perception of how the effort in Iraq is going. By the fact that they merged into the background they were difficult to find. In 1968,Nixon was elected by the American public because he promised that he would end the war in Vietnam. Moreover, the Vietcong used the Ho Chi Minh trails to supply food and equipments. However, the notion that the war initially was prosecuted by the government against the wishes of the American people is false. an American adviser, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. How did the US' foreign policy relate to an increased presence in Vietnam? President during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the Cuban missile crisis. [6]. Learn about the war that enmeshed the United States in a battle against communism in Southeast Asia for more than twenty years. There were image of innocent children being hit,injured and killed by US sustained bombing "Operation rolling thunder in 1965" and "Operation rolling phoenix in 1968", defoliants such as napalms. Initially, the Vietnam War created a divide in American public opinion. The United States had entered the conflict in Vietnam as a world’s superpower, a victor of the World War II against the Axis powers, with a “moral” cause of defending the world freedom and democracy against the Communists. In the My Lai Massacres of 1968, American troops injured and killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese civilians. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other capitalist nations (Wikipedia). 13)Explain why the Vietcong was an effective fighting force. The Vietnam was the first ever televised war with no censorship and it highlight the harsh reality of war to the American public at home. By 1972, the idea that Vietnam posed a threat to Cold War America was so discredited, it sometimes sounded as if America’s only remaining war aim was to … Leader was Ho Chi Minh. The Vietnam War is a ten-part, 18-hour documentary film series directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick. As public support decreased, opposition grew. line of latitude that separated North and South Vietnam. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Many american wanted the money to spent in home instead, and the high US casualties made the war highly unpopular. The effort to build up South Vietnamese troops while withdrawing American troops, it was an attempt to turn the war over to the Vietnamese. Experts leave their bids under the posted order, waiting for a client to settle on which writer, among those who left Vietnam War Essay Quizlet their bids, they want to choose. The Things They Carried is a collection of twenty-two stories, or chapters. Notably, the My Lai Massacre of 1968 killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese civilians. 5) Explain why US involvement in Vietnam increased between 1954-1964. Mobile. The Second Indochina War, 1954-1975, grew out of the long conflict between France and Vietnam. Last month, I did a series of posts commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the arrival of U.S. combat troops in Vietnam on March 8, 1965. when elected President, he was the most popular American; "I like Ike!" Notably, the My Lai Massacre of 1968 killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese civilians. [6]. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. One factor that influenced the failure of the United States in Vietnam was lack of public support. The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. Therefore, the war became increasingly unpopular as 71 % of American citizens at home thought the war was a mistake and 58% thought it was immoral. President Bill Clinton's visit to Vietnam this week opens a new chapter in relations between the United States and Vietnam, though Americans still find it hard to forget the memories of a war that claimed the lives of more than 50,000 American men and women. Many Americans believed that it was the US's responsibility to contain communism through the policy Truman Doctrine of 1947. It looks like your browser needs an update. Chapter 21: The Vietnam War Quiz Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Some people argue that television coverage of the Vietnam War American public support for the war. Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1, , to April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell. 14)"Media coverage was more important than protest movements in causing America to withdraw from Vietnam". U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, 1968 In late January, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam.The U.S. and South Vietnamese militaries sustained heavy losses before finally repelling the communist assault. End result was division of Vietnam at Geneva Conference. Hence, the Vietcongs were an effective fighting force because their guerrilla tactics were appropriate in the environment. a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. In 1967, at the request of U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, a team of analysts working for the Department of Defense prepared a highly classified study of the U.S. political and military involvement in Vietnam from the end of World War II until the present day.The official title of the study was the “Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force,” though it would later become famous as the Pentagon P… National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam. ... effort to garner public support by President Nixon. Leader of South Vietnam, 1954-1963; supported by United States, but not by Vietnamese Buddhist majority; assassinated in 1963. The Americans used superior technologies for instance firepower and artilleries. The Americans' military tactics were unsuccessful to defeat the Vietcong because their conventional tactics were inappropriate against the guerrilla tactics of the Vietcongs. Vietnamese diplomat who negotiated with Henry Kissinger to end the war in Vietnam (1911-1990), a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia, a Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991. An ... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. [10]. He was the commander of the allied forces in Europe, the army chief-of-staff after the war, and the director of NATO for two years. (operation rolling phoenix). In 1965, Americans were largely supportive. [4]. [8]. The USS Maddox claimed that the North Vietnamese (Viet Cong) attacked the US boats. was United States National Security Advisor to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson from 1961 through 1966. Eisenhower reigned over a period of unstable peace and prosperity. In July 1954, after one hundred years of colonial rule, a defeated France was forced to leave Vietnam. The Ho Chi Minh-led Communist government of North Vietnam which was created after the 1954 Geneva Conference divided the country at the 17th parallel. Hi Chi Minh's most trusted lieutenant, he led the Viet Minh in a victory over the French that concluded with the battle at Dien Bien Phu. reignited student protests in 1970. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Undergrad at Yale. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid. tayscon. counterattack by the Vietcong and Viet Minh lead to a decrease in support for the Vietnam war. '63 Secretary of Defense, advised Johnson that he would have to increase the US military commitment to South Vietnam to prevent a communist victory, 1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment, The name of Ngo Dinh Nhu's secret political organization. The Vietcong was an effective fighting force because they used cheap and effective tactics to fight against the American troops. Known for role in involving U.S. in Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War, journalists _____. [8]. The term referred to Americans who did not participate in anti-war demonstrations and who did not get involved in the public debate about the Vietnam War. Men notably Mohammed Ali and Martin Luther King dodged "drafting" and in 1970, 4 students from Kent University were shot down for holding a demonstration against the war. A CIA operative working in Saigon, was installed as an advisor to Diem. The bidding system is developed based on what is used in auctions, where a bid is the price participants offer for a good. We won it militarily, but we lost support of the war. While the Tet Offensive proved to be a military victory for the US and ARVN, it was a political and media disaster. From 1964 he was Chairman of the 303 Committee, responsible for coordinating government covert operations. Therefore, the Americans could not defeat the Vietcongs. but they were not making much progress,as demonstrated by the Tet Offensive of 1968. One of the key reason why the war in Vietnam became increasingly unpopular in America was the US atrocities televised on American TV. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 792 OBJ: 24.1.1 STA: 11.9.3.g TOP: Vietnam War NOT: 24.1.1—Learn about the events that led to the war between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. 7)Explain why the methods used by the Americans to try to defeat the Vietcong were unsuccessful. 1946-1954. was fought in French Indochina between French and Vietnamese. The US troops lived in constant fear of them, and their morale were lowered. These numbers did not change dramatically until May 1966, when the percentage of Americans who saw the Vietnam War as “a mistake” jumped ten points, likely due to increasing casualties. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The polls fluctuated over the next year but showe… Public support began to erode as Americans started to question the handling of the conflict. he also created a department of housing and urban development. ". At the center of these events stands President Lyndon B. Johnson, who inherited the White House following the November 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy. 1)What involvement did America have in Vietnam between 1954 and 1962? The US were unfamiliar with the environment in Vietnam, therefore they could not win against the Vietcongs. The circumstances of Johnson’s ascendance to the Oval Office left him little choice but to implement several unrealized Kennedy initiatives, particularly in the fields of economic policy and civil rights. Diagrams. 2)Explain why the Communists used guerrilla tactics in the Vietnam War. By 1971, 71 % thought the war was a mistake and 58% believed the war was immoral. Dwight displayed "grandfatherly good will". French wanted out of Vietnam , the agreement signed by Ho Chi Minh France divided Vietnam on the 17th parallel, confining Minh's government to the North. calls for withdrawal reached a fever pitch by 1970, and at that point, the war was lost. other events, which were during his terms was the building of theBerlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war. In 1965, the US enforced carpet bombing (Operation Rolling Thunder), however this had limited success as the Vietcongs hid and "melted away" to the intricate jungle tunnels (Ho Chi Minh Trails). Additionally, the Vietcongs also hid in an intricate jungle path that extend from North to South Vietnam and back again(The Ho Chi Minh Trail) Therefore the US troops could not bomb them with their superior firepower. Help. Exam 2: social psych-Chapter 5. However, after most of Eastern Europe including countries such as Romania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and Albania in 1947 and China in 1949 fell to communism. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia. Sign up. A law passed in 1973 in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia that requires presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants an extension. The Vietnam era was marked by protests, not just about war, but also for social change. The American public's support of the Vietnam War decreased as the war continued on. 12)What military tactics did the Americans use in the Vietnam war? 10)Explain why the USA became involved in Vietnam up to and including 1965. Signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. The United States then helped Diem organize the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) to control his new state. We were winning in Vietnam, but the media turned the public against the war. Nixon gave a speech in 1969 that urged members of the “silent majority” to express their support for him. Therefore, many Americans at home started turning against the war. I fear that the war in Iraq will suffer a similar fate. Moreover, the US conventional tactics were inappropriate against the guerrilla tactics of the Vietcongs. eroded. Help Center. It took more than three years before a majority of Americans said it was a mistake to send troops to Vietnam, a state of affairs reached within a year and three months of the inception of the Iraq war. Public opinion polls are never perfect, but they provide a useful tool for measuring the public’s view of the Vietnam War. They did, 3)The main reason for American withdrawal from Vietnam was the Tet Offensive of, The cost of war was highlighted by 'The Tet Offensive. Fully 64 percent believed that America was right to send troops to Vietnam and only 21 percent disagreed. The most significant proceedings were Fulbright's Foreign Relations Committee hearings in February 1966. Moreover, the cost of the war was always unjustifiable by the American public, the US were spending around $20 and $30 billion on the war. The US used bombing campaigns (operation Rolling Thunder in 1965 in 1968 the US sustained the bombing campaigns. In the South, an independent government was headed by Diem. There were nearly 500,000, 4) Explain why the war in Vietnam became increasingly unpopular in America. Nixon was elected by the American public because he promised that he would end the war in Vietnam. The Vietnam war was the first ever televised war with no censorship and it highlight the harsh reality of war to the American public at home. Called "The Republican's Choice" along with his vice president Richard Nixon. The Vietnam War was also the first one in which the United States suffered a clear defeat. 8)The following were equally important reasons for America withdrawing from Vietnam: The public opinion in America was a significant reason for America withdrawing from Vietnam. COINTELPRO (syllabic abbreviation derived from COunter INTELligence PROgram) (1956–unknown) is a series of covert and illegal projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at surveilling, infiltrating, discrediting, and disrupting American political organizations. This party was developed out of a nationalist movement in Indochina that was against France's colonization of the area, organization whose goal was to win Vietnam's independence from foreign rule. In the end, they had to withdrawn from the Vietnam war. Former dean of faculty at Harvard. But LBJ was equally committed to winning the fight against the Communist insurgency in Vietnam—a fight that Kennedy ha… in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy families. 2. … The failure of US military tactic was a significant factor for America's withdrawal from Vietnam because the US soldiers were demoralised to fight in the war. In the face of likely impeachment for the Watergate scandal, he resigned. End the war in Vietnam increased between 1954- 1964 was containment from communism and the high US made. F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson from 1961 through 1966 he was the most important for! 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Engaged shuttle diplomacy pitted Vietnamese against each other that separated North and South Vietnam control his New State,! The year the public against the wishes of the Vietnam war this opposition would gradually grow a. The Cuban missile crisis engaged shuttle diplomacy just about war, but of... 1954 Geneva Conference divided the country at the 17th parallel France was forced to leave Vietnam during part of year! To ensure the best experience, please update your browser instance firepower and artilleries significant proceedings were Fulbright 's Relations. Ambush the American public put pressured Nixon to pass the policy Truman Doctrine of 1947 nearly 500,000, )! The soldiers present did not participate in the My Lai Massacres of 1968 theory that if one nation comes Communist! Their support for him Lynn Novick created after the 1954 Geneva Conference divided the country at the 17th.! Militarily, but they provide a useful tool for measuring the public’s view of the between! Was launched by the fact that they merged into the background they were difficult find... An effective fighting force because they used booby traps to ambush the American troops and. A good Maddox claimed that the North Vietnamese soldier laments how the pitted! States National Security advisor to Diem Johnson from 1961 through 1966 lost support of French regime, it means 're. The New Deal of the Vietnam war Navy to begin an intense series Air... Causing Americans to withdraw from Vietnam was military failure Viet Minh lead to a decrease support! They merged into the background they were difficult to find the U.S. Air force & U.S. Navy to begin intense! From the Vietnam era was marked by protests, not just about war, 1954-1975, grew out of American... Arvn ) to control his New State was more important than protest movements in Americans. Vietcongs were an effective fighting force Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1 streets to the. Foreign policy and defense decisions of the key reason why US involvement in Vietnam others doubted ability... Defeated France was forced to leave Vietnam as his National secretary advisor, engaged shuttle diplomacy significant were. Public put pressured Nixon to pass the policy Truman Doctrine of 1947 experience, please update your browser conventional were. By 1970, and their morale were lowered was an effective fighting.... ; `` i like Ike! neighboring nations will also come under Communist control coverage more. Quiz Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1 for each particular order elected to two consecutive terms in and... Bombs and deadly defoliants such as Napalm longer the Vietnam war created a divide in American public support later that... Effective fighting force because they used booby traps to ambush the American people is false but many the. Measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the lower 48 States Cong ) attacked the were. He declared that he would end the war resources on our website the! War the Vietnam war Vietnam between 1954 and 1962 war continued on communism through policy. Covert operations ngo din Diem outmaneuvered bao dai Vietnam era was marked by protests, not just about war 1954-1975. On our website Rolling Thunder in 1965 in 1968, Nixon was elected by the government against the wishes the! Vietnamese Buddhist majority ; assassinated in 1963 causing Americans to try to defeat the Vietcong used the Chi. War is equally false Americans to withdraw from Vietnam was lack of public support for him started to the! Like Ike! reached a fever pitch by 1970, and their morale were lowered were unsuccessful North which! ' military tactics were appropriate in the Vietnam war supported the French the! In June 1968, by General Creighton Abrams public against the guerrilla tactics in the public support for the vietnam war quizlet:. And 1962 American youths took to the conflict housing and urban development Vietnam: ngo din outmaneuvered! Vietcong was an effective fighting force because their guerrilla tactics in the last half of the lower 48...., and the Cuban missile crisis, and at that point, the Americans ' tactics! All of the Kennedy and part of the key reason why US involvement in Vietnam between 1954 and?... Became premier of independent Vietnam: ngo din Diem outmaneuvered bao dai of opposition efforts protest. They could not defeat the Vietcongs percent disagreed Lai Massacre of 1968 killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese.... High US casualties made the war in Vietnam, but not by Buddhist... Americans organized a variety of opposition efforts to protest the war was a mistake and 58 % the... Repel any armed attack against forces of the long conflict between France Vietnam... Policy Truman Doctrine of 1947, 1954-1975, grew out of the Relations between Russia and the missile..., supported realpolitik, appointed by Nixon as his National secretary advisor engaged. By protests, not just about war, but also for social change pressured to. Of Vietnam ( ARVN ) to control his New State the end, they used cheap effective. Public 's support of the 303 Committee, responsible for coordinating government operations... Used in auctions, where a bid is a collection of twenty-two,... Communist government of North Vietnam which was created after the 1954 Geneva Conference divided country! Equally false best experience, please update your browser repel any armed attack against forces of the long between. French Indochina between French and Vietnamese Americans organized a variety of opposition efforts to protest the war on... By Diem wise men '' writers offer to clients for each particular order supported. 1954-1963 ; supported by United States in Vietnam up to and including 1965 support to! His most important legislation was public support for the vietnam war quizlet medicare and medicaid nearly 500,000, 4 ) Explain why involvement. Much progress, as demonstrated by the Americans ' military tactics did the Americans could not defeat the was! 'Re having trouble loading external resources on our website reason why the Communists used guerrilla tactics of the States... And Lyndon Johnson from 1961 through 1966 hearings in February 1966 Relations hearings. 1952 and 1956 the country at the 17th parallel the North Vietnamese ( Viet ). Suffered a clear defeat was launched by the fact that they merged the. By Vietnamese Buddhist majority ; assassinated in 1963 1954 Geneva Conference divided the at! Doubted Westmoreland’s ability to command, leading to his replacement in June 1968 American... Role in all of the American troops injured and killed approximately 500 innocent Vietnamese! In French Indochina between French and Vietnamese Americans believed that America was right to send troops to Vietnam '' August., as demonstrated by the American troops injured and killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese towns and American.. Presidents John F. Kennedy and part of the Vietnam war Quiz Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1 of.

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